Events on 9th November

Allama Muhammad Iqbal, often referred to as the national poet of Pakistan, was a renowned philosopher, poet, and politician. He played a pivotal role in inspiring the creation of Pakistan and is celebrated for his contributions to literature and the quest for self-discovery. Here is a brief biography of Allama Iqbal:

Early Life and Education:

  • Allama Iqbal was born on November 9, 1877, in Sialkot, which was part of British India at the time and is now in Pakistan.
  • He came from a family of Kashmiri descent and was raised in a devout Muslim household.
  • Iqbal showed exceptional intellect from a young age and excelled in his studies, particularly in languages and literature.
  • He completed his early education in Sialkot and then pursued his bachelor’s degree in philosophy from Government College Lahore. He was an outstanding student and later became a lecturer at the same college.

Higher Education and Scholarly Achievements:

  • Allama Iqbal traveled to Europe for higher studies and earned a degree in philosophy from the University of Cambridge in 1907.
  • He later obtained a doctorate in philosophy from the University of Munich, Germany, in 1908.
  • During his time in Europe, Iqbal was deeply influenced by Western philosophical thought, but he also witnessed the challenges faced by Muslims in various parts of the world.

Philosophical and Literary Contributions:

  • Allama Iqbal’s poetry and philosophical writings are deeply rooted in the quest for individual and collective self-discovery. He emphasized the importance of self-realization and spiritual awakening.
  • He is best known for his Urdu and Persian poetry, which contains powerful themes of unity, freedom, and spiritual awakening. Some of his notable works include “Bang-e-Dra,” “Asrar-e-Khudi,” and “Payam-e-Mashriq.”

Role in Pakistan Movement:

  • Allama Iqbal’s poetry and speeches had a profound impact on the Muslims of the Indian subcontinent, and he is often credited with providing intellectual and philosophical inspiration for the Pakistan Movement.
  • He envisioned a separate Muslim state where Muslims could freely practice their religion and culture. His famous Allahabad Address (1930) emphasized the idea of a separate Muslim state.
  • The dream that Iqbal helped to inspire was eventually realized with the creation of Pakistan in 1947.

Later Life and Legacy:

  • Allama Iqbal served as a professor of philosophy at Government College Lahore and later as the Chair of the Philosophy Department at the University of the Punjab.
  • He was a prominent political figure and a member of the All-India Muslim League.
  • Allama Iqbal passed away on April 21, 1938, in Lahore, leaving behind a rich legacy of poetry and philosophical thought.
  • He is remembered as a visionary poet and philosopher who continues to inspire generations with his messages of self-empowerment and the pursuit of a just and free society.

Allama Iqbal’s work continues to be celebrated on Iqbal Day, a national holiday in Pakistan, as his poetry and philosophy remain a source of inspiration for individuals and a source of pride for the nation.